This paper examines the theory x and theory y that were proposed by douglas mcgregor in his book titled the human side of enterprise the paper discusses the assumptions that the theories are based on and how they relate to the way that employees work in an organization. The first being theory y mangers and theory x managers (waddell, jones, george 2010, p49) in this essay i will elaborate more on the douglas mcgregor’s theory x and y as well as how the theory has added value in the methods of the management that manager’s today use to reach organizational goals. Douglas mcgregor's theory x and theory y have both their advantages and disadvantages, though many would prefer to call them their strengths and weaknesses the biggest advantage of using theory x and theory y is that they are easy to understand. Theory x, theory y by douglas mcgregor is a motivation theory douglas mcgregor is a social psychologist and applied two sets of assumptions to the organizational structure called theory x and theory y.
Mcgregor’s theory x and theory y: compare and contrast order description using the text and at least three other legitimate resources, write a 3–5 page paper that compares and contrasts mcgregor’s theory x and theory y. Best practices - theory x theory y theory z decision-making method in complex / conflict situations game theory is the decision making skills in conflict situationsi think that it is the best way of management and economy to analyze the rational t. Theory x, theory y by douglas mcgregor is a motivation theorydouglas mcgregor is a social psychologist and applied two sets of assumptions to the organizational structure called theory x and theory yhis theory is based on managerial views of human beings in his book, the human side of enterprise, he outlined a new role for managers.
Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory and mcgregor’s theory x and theory y for this assignment i will be discussing maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory and mcgregor’s theory x and theory y. Theory x and theory y was an idea devised by douglas mcgregor in his book “the human side of enterprise” 1960 it encapsulated a fundamental distinction between management styles. The limitations of theory x and theory y (douglas mcgregor) definition of theory x and theory y: theory x and theory y was an idea started by douglas mcgregor in the year 1960. Thus, realizing the limitations of the theory x mcgregor developed an alternative theory which is known as theory y this theory assumes: (a) management is responsible for organizing the elements of productive enterprise- money, materials, equipment and people in the interest of economic ends.
Theory x and theory y combined for mcgregor, theory x and y are not different ends of the same continuum rather they are two different continua in themselves thus, if a manager needs to apply theory y principles, that does not preclude him from being a part of theory x & y. Theory x and theory y are theories of human work motivation and management they were created by douglas mcgregor while he was working at the mit sloan school of management in the 1950s, and developed further in the 1960s. Mcgregor’s theory y argues people are not parts of machines, but individuals with purpose and objectives (dearlove, 2000) it is that human behavior is seldom a direct response to objective reality, but is rather a response to the individual’s perception of that reality. Theory x and theory y douglas mcgregor (1906 -1964) was a lecturer at harvard university and became the first sloan fellows professor at mit his theory x and theory y was detailed in the human side of enterprise, published in 1960. Below is an essay on douglas mcgregor's theory x and theory y from anti essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples the second part of douglas’ concept is theory y theory y differs greatly to theory x theory y suggests that workers can be fulfilled by their work.
Mcgregor's theory x and theory y is a simplistic, but useful account of two theories or visions of human behavior on theory x, we are self-interested individuals who seek wealth and pleasure. Douglas mcgregor, through his well-known “theory x and theory y,” drew a distinction between the assumptions about human motivation which underlie these two approaches, to this effect. Theory x and theory y definition theory x and theory y are theories of human motivation: the former assumes people dislike work, lack ambition, act irresponsibly and prefer to be led, whereas the latter assumes people are willing to work, like responsibility, and are self-directed and creative (schermerhorn, 2011: 38. Unlike in theory x, douglas mcgregor starts from the assumption in theory y that people have different needs theory y assumes that people are inherently happy to work , they want to exert themselves and they are motivated to pursue objectives.
Theory x, y & z of employee motivation have been used in human resource management, organizational behavior analysis, and organizational development though these theories are very basic in nature, they provide a platform for future generations of management theorists and practitioners to understand the changing dynamics of human behavior. Excerpt from essay : leadership styles theory x and theory y represents a dichotomous view of leadership-worker relations theory x assumes that employees are naturally motivated and dislike working (mindtoolscom 2013) this theory leads to a conclusion of authoritarian management where employees need to be actively directed in their tasks and require significant supervision. Theory x holds that humans generally dislike work, are irresponsible and require close supervision to do their jobs theory y holds that humans are generally industrious, creative and able to assume responsibility (enotes, 2006. Theory-x (authoritarian management style) human beings have an inherent dislike for work and will try to avoid it • people must be coerced controlled threatened to get the work done the average human being prefers to be directed wishes to avoid responsibility.
Theory x and theory y are still referred to commonly in the field of management and motivation, and whilst more recent studies have questioned the rigidity of the model, mcgregor's x-y theory remains a valid basic principle from which to develop positive management style and techniques. Theory x theory y studentâ€™s name institutional affiliation theory x theory y introduction today managers are faced with different types of problems emanating from employees and the work environment. Below is an essay on theory x and theory y from anti essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples theory x and theory x created by douglas mcgregor in the 1960’s management professor douglas mcgregor wrote a book called “the human side of enterprise” the book would in tell his person beliefs and theories of.
Theory x / y / z and maslow’s heirarchy of needs mcgregor’s theory x / y and william ouichi’s theory z i can say that theory x presents the pessimistic view of employees’ nature and behaviour at work, while theory y presents the optimistic view. Theory x and theory y are management and motivation theories that describe two contrasting models of workforce motivation in organizational behavior, human resource management, organizational development and organizational communication. Theory x and theory y behavior scale (kopelman, prottas, and falk, 2008) out of 200 surveys, 115 were returned two of the surveys had to be eliminated due to missing.